Glossary of Literary Terms

glossary of literary terms
glossary of literary terms

Glossary of Literary Terms:

Literary works often contain unique vocabulary and language styles that may be difficult for readers to understand. These language styles and techniques are what make literary works unique and interesting to read. This article will provide an overview of some of the most common literary terms, including definitions and examples, to help readers better understand and appreciate literary works.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Narrative Techniques
    1. Point of View
    2. Characterization
    3. Plot
    4. Setting
  3. Figurative Language
    1. Simile
    2. Metaphor
    3. Personification
    4. Hyperbole
    5. Symbolism
  4. Poetic Devices
    1. Rhyme
    2. Meter
    3. Stanza
    4. Alliteration
  5. Conclusion
  6. FAQs


Literary works are a unique form of art that can be enjoyed by people of all ages. However, many literary works are written with language styles that can be difficult to understand. This glossary of literary terms aims to provide readers with a better understanding of some of the most common literary techniques used in various works.

Narrative Techniques

Point of View

The three most common types of point of view are first-person, second-person, and third-person.

  • First-person point of view: The narrator is a character within the story and refers to themselves using “I” or “we”.
  • Third-person point of view: The narrator is an outsider who refers to the characters in the story using “he,” “she,” or “they”.


Characterization refers to the methods used by authors to develop and describe characters in a story.

  • Indirect characterization: The author shows the reader what a character is like through their actions, thoughts, and dialogue.


  • Climax: The turning point of the story where the conflict is resolved.
  • Resolution: The end of the story where the loose ends are tied up.


The setting can have a significant impact on the story’s plot and characters.

Figurative Language

The following are some of the most common types of figurative language used in literary works.


A simile is a comparison between two unlike things using “like” or “as.” For example, “Her eyes were like diamonds.”


A metaphor is a comparison between two unlike things without using “like” or “as.” For example, “Her eyes were diamonds.”



For example, “I


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